UNESCO World Heritage Sites Nepal

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UNESCO is a part of the UN(United Nations) established on 16th November 1945. UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. UNESCO has presently 195 members, 8 Associate Members, and is governed by the general conference and Executive Board (un.org). Nepal is also a part of the UNESCO organization and joined on May 1, 1953, on Friday. UNESCO has listed 10 important sites as UNESCO World Heritage Sites Nepal due to which thousands of people travel Nepal to view these UNESCO Sites of Nepal.

UNESCO is established to preserve and promote the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage. Other mission of UNESCO includes to provide quality education for all and help lifelong learning. The organization mobilize science knowledge for sustainable development. The organization also guides addressing emerging social and ethical challenges and creating a culture of peace, and many more.

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How Many World Heritages Sites in Nepal?

Every Temples and Beauty of Nepal are amazing and has great importance towards our History and Mythological Stories. However, there are only 10 World Heritage Sites of Nepal listed in UNESCO and they are recorded as top most must visit Distinations of the world.

How Many World Heritages Sites in Nepal?

Every Temples and Beauty of Nepal are amazing and has great importance towards our History and Mythological Stories. However, there are only 10 World Heritage Sites of Nepal listed in UNESCO and they are recorded as top most must visit Destinations of the world.

World Heritage sites of Nepal listed in UNESCO

The Ten most important World Heritage sites of Nepal listed in UNESCO are-

  1. Kathmandu Durbar Square
  2. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  3. Patan Durbar Square
  4. Pashupatinath Temple
  5. Swayambhunath Stupa
  6. Boudhanath Stupa
  7. Changunarayan Temple
  8. Lumbini- Birth Place of Gautam Buddha
  9. Sagarmatha National Park
  10. Chitwan National Park

Through the lists, we can say that UNESCO has listed 8 sites as UNESCO Cultural Heritages sites and listed 2 as UNESCO Natural Heritage Sites.

World Heritage Sites in Kathmandu

Only in Kathmandu valley, we have seven UNESCO Cultural Heritages Sites reflection the importance of Cultural development in Kathmandu Valley which is credited to Local Newar Community and their great contributions and guides us show our responsibilities as well. Which means it’s our turn now. World Heritage Sites in Kathmandu are

  1. Kathmandu Durbar Square
  2. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  3. Patan Durbar Square
  4. Pashupatinath Temple
  5. Swayambhunath Stupa
  6. Boudhanath Stupa
  7. Changunarayan Temple

Another Sites lies in Lumbini which is known as Birthplace of Buddha. We have two Natural Heritages sites i.e. Sagarmatha National Park lies in Solubhumu District and Chitwan National Park lies in Chitwan District, Parsa, Nawalpur, and Makwanpur.

Durbar Squares in Kathmandu Valley

There are three major Durbar Squares in Kathmandu valley and they are Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, and Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Durbar Square is known as the Royal Palace came to from the Persian word “Darbar”. The Palace consists of numerous temples, idols, monuments, water foundations, idols and open courts.
Read Here: Kathmandu Durbar Square
Read Here: Kathmandu District

1.

Kathmandu Durbar Square

Kathmandu Durbar Square is also known as Basantapur Durbar Kshetra. Another name for Kathmandu Durbar Square is Hanuman Dhoka Durbar named after Hindu God- The Monkey God, placed at the main entrance believing that the god will protect the palace. It is believed that the palace was constructed during Lichchhivi period but after Kathmandu become independent state Kathmandu Durbar Square become a royal resident for Malla Kings. After the invasion of Kathmandu valley by Prithivi Narayan Shah, Kathmandu become the capital city of Nepal and became Durbar Square as his royal palace during 1769.

Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square

Major Attractions of Kathmandu Durbar Square

  • Maju Dega – Narayan Shiva Parvati
  • Jagannath Temple- 16th Century
  • Bhimeshwara- Garuda
  • Taleju Temple- King Mahendra Malla
  • Kamadeva Temple
  • Saraswati-Chyasin Dega
  • Gaddi Baithole
  • Kala-Bhairava
  • Kumari Temple
  • Kastamandap

Read More: Top Hotels in Kathmandu Book Hotel

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2.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur is known as the City of Devotees. Every step you take you will able to see amazing temples around the city. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a royal palace build during the Malla Period. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is located in the centre of Bhaktapur around 15 km away from Kathmandu When travelling to Durbar Square you can view numerous of temples, idols, monuments, ponds, water foundations, open courts and many more.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Major Attractions of Bhaktapur Durbar Square

  • The Palace
  • The Lion’s Gate
  • Golden Gate
  • 55 Windows Palace (Pachpanna Ghyal)
  • Nyatapola Temple (Paach Tale Mandir)
  • Art Gallery
  • Statue of Bhupatindra Malla
  • Bhairav Nath Temple
  • Tilmahadev Narayan Temple
  • Taumadhi Square

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3.

Patan Durbar Square

Patan Durbar Square is also known as Lalitpur Durbar Square located in the centre of Lalitpur District situated approximately 5 km south of Kathmandu valley. Patan Durbar Square is full of ancient Hindu and Buddhist temples developed by Newar Community of Nepal. Most of the available architectures are constructed in the 1600s during the King Siddhi Narsing Malla ruling the Patan state and other Kings such as Prandarasimha, Sivasimha Malla, Yoganarendra Malla.

Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square

Major Attractions of Patan Durbar Square

  • The Palace and nearest Temples
  • Krishna Mandir
  • Mahaboudha Temple
  • Golden Temple
  • Golden Window
  • Hiranya Varna Mahabihar
  • Patan Museum
  • Bhimsen Temple
  • Taleju Bhawani Temple

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4.

Boudhanath Temple

The original or native name for Boudhanath Temple is “Khasti Chaitya” came from Newar Language meaning the stupa created using dew droplets. Boudhanath Stupa is located in Kathmandu District 11 km away from central Kathmandu. The temple is formed during Lichchhivi period of Nepal. The best time to travel Boudhanath is during Buddha Jayanti (Birth Date of Lord Gautam Buddha) which falls in the May month.

Boudhanath Stupa

Major Attractions of Boudhanath Temple

  • Boudhanath Chitya
  • Taragaon Museum
  • Shechen Monastery
  • Khawalung Monastery
  • Kapan Monastery
  • Thrangu Monastery
  • Pullahari Monastery
  • Ka-Nying Shedrub Ling Monastery
  • Boudha Areas Shops

5.

Swayambhunath Stupa

An Amazing Swayambhunath Stupa Temple

Do you know that Swayabhunath temple originally known as Maha Chaitya, which means the largest Stupa derived from Local Newar Language of Kathmandu Valley? Well, you know now. Swayambhunath stupa is one of the oldest temples of Nepal, sacred for Buddhism and Hinduism religion. Swayambhunath Stupa is known as Monkey Temple. The temple is located atop the hill of Kathmandu Valley lies 3 km west part of Kathmandu District.

Major Attractions of Swayambhunath Stupa

  • Swayambhunath Stupa
  • Hirati Temple
  • Various Ghumbas and Vihars
  • Kathmandu Valley View
  • Nepal Products Shops
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6.

Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple
Pashupatinath Temple

One of the important Hindu Temple in the world where thousands of people travel every month is Pashupatinath Temple. The temple is located on the bank of Bagmati river around 5 km north-east of Kathmandu valley. UNESCO World Heritage site listed Pashupatinath temple as an important destination in around 1979. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, therefore, the temple gets crowded mainly during the Hindu festival of Lord Shiva such as Teej and Mahashivaratri. According to Historians, the temple was constructed in around 5th century and has various reconstructions during various rulers. Before constructions of the temple, the site has importance for Hindu followers about lord Shiva travelling to Pashupatinath forest and later various rulers came and have contributed various architectures and temples showing their strong belief towards Lord Shiva.

Major Attractions of Pashupatinath Temple

  • The Pashupatinath Temple
  • Cremation and Other Ghats
  • Bachhareshwari Temple
  • Guhyeshwari Temple
  • Gorakhnath Temple
  • Shiva Shrines
  • Lingam Shrines
  • Religion Market
  • Panch Deval
  • Raj Rajeshwari Temple
  • Nanda Statue
  • Buddha Images near around temple.

7.

Changunarayan Temple

Changu Narayan Temple

Changunarayan Temple is one of the oldest temples in Nepal established during Lichchhivi period in Nepal. The temple is built by Lichchhivi King Mandev during 4th century (325 AD). The temple is located at high hilltop known as Changu or Dologir in Changu Municipality. The hill is about 12 km east of Kathmandu and few miles north of Bhaktapur. Changunarayan Temple is two storyed roofed with pagoda style. The temple is build dedicated to Hindu God Lord Vishnu.

Major Attractions of Changunarayan Temple

  • Changunarayan Temple
  • Garuda
  • Statue of King and Queen of Malla Period
  • Chandra Narayan
  • Statue of Lord Vishnu
  • Museum

8.

Lumbini- The Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha

Lumbini

The whole world knows about Buddha and His story. Lord Gautam Buddha was born at Kapilvastu Lumbini Lies in Nepal. Therefore, Lumbini is known for its Buddhist pilgrimage site of Nepal and Buddhist followers all over the world and travel to Lumbini. Lumbini is also considered as spiritual city of Nepal to learn and experience the path of Lord Buddha. Lumbini has numerous ancient temples and other various architectures and temple showing their strong belief toward Buddha.

Major Attractions Near Lumbini Temple

  • Maya Devi Temple
  • Ashoka Pillar
  • Maya Devi Garden
  • Pushkarini Pond
  • Panditarama Vipassana Centre
  • Lumbini Crane Sanctuary
  • World Peace Pagoda
  • Myanmar Golden Temple
  • Various Other Monasteries
  • Lumbini Museum

9.

Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park is Nepal established in 1976 and is marked as a Natural World Heritage site by UNESCO. The national park covers the area of 1,148 km sq. located in Solukhumbu district of Nepal. World’s Top highest peak known as Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) is located in this park. Other peaks can also be observed near Sagarmatha National Park such as Lhotse, Lhooyu, Nuptse. The major rivers located at Sagarmatha National Park Such as Dudhkoshi, Bhotekoshi, Imjakhola, and many other rivers.

Major Attractions of Sagarmatha National Park

  • Mount Everest
  • Sagarmatha National Park Trek
  • Enjoy with Flora and Fauna
  • Sherpa Community
  • View Rivers

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10.

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National park
Chitwan National park

Chitwan National Park (CPN) or Chitwan Rashtriya Nikunja is Nepal’s first National Park Established in 1973. CPN is located in South-Central Terai covering the area of 952.63 km sq (367.81 sq miles). The park covers major districts of Chitwan, Parsa, Nawalpur, and Makwanpur. The Chitwan National Park become a park of UNESCO Heritage Site in the Year 1984.

Major Attractions of Chitwan National Park

  • Home of Endangered Animals
  • View Flora and Fauna
  • Jungle Safari
  • Canoe Rides
  • Cultural and Religious Tour
  • Tharu Cultural Museum and Research Centre.
  • Bis Hazari Lake
  • New Sauraha Tharu Cultural House

Bonus Point

Newari Language

Most of the Language of Nepal are Listed as endangered language as these languages are presently risk of falling out and stop using by the majority of people. According to UNESCO, Newari Language of Nepal which is known as Nepal Bhasa is listed as the most endangered language of Nepal and might extinct. From 1952-1991, the percentage of Newar speakers dropped from 75%to 44% and presently it’s gradually decreasing. Save your Language and Save Nations Identity.

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References:

World Heritage Site, (n d). World Heritage Site UNESCO. from Britannica. Retrieved from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/World-Heritage-site UNESCO, (n d). UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. from the Un.org. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/youthenvoy/2013/08/unesco-united-nations-educational-scientific-and-cultural-organization/#:~:text=UNESCO%3A%20United%20Nations%20Educational%2C%20Scientific%20and%20Cultural%20Organization,-%EF%84%84


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