Temples in Bhaktapur

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Bhaktapur is the oldest city in Nepal. Various reforms and civilization started from Bhaktapur District. Traveling to Bhaktapur city, you can observe various styles of temples which are amazing and attractive. Kathmandu valley is known as “Living Museum of Nepal” and Particularly Bhaktapur is known as ” City of Devotees” as people are very much connected to religion and their followers. On this specific blog, we will be listing some of the important temples in Bhaktapur you must visit when you travel to Bhaktapur City,



Changu Narayan Temple
Changu Narayan Temple- Bhaktapur

Changu Narayan Temple is one world heritage site identified by UNESCO is located hilltop of change village; four kilometers north of Bhaktapur. This temple is considered as oldest temple in the history of Nepal. The temple of Changu Narayan Temple is originally built in (325 AD) 4th century during Lichhavi Dynasty by Mandev and later it was reconstructed in 1702 after there was fire occurred.

Related: Changu Narayan Temple

Changu Narayan Temple is a double-roofed temple which is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in his incarnation as Narayan. The temple is decorated with ten incarnations of Lord Narayan and Stone lion guard all over four doors of the temple. Garuda (half-man and half bird vehicle of Lord Vishnu) a life-size stone statue of Garuda kneels in front of the west face of the temple. There is an inscription which provides information on the Lichhavi Dynasty and the history of Kathmandu Valley. Also in front of the temple’s main entrance, you can find a statue of King Bhupatindra Malla and his Queen. In the north you can also find the statue of Lord Vishnu seated on Garuda, the sculpture dates back to the 9th century.

Beside the main temple, there are also other shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, Chinna Masta (Kali), Ganesh and Krishna founded in the courtyard.

2. Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square- Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur Durbar Square (Newari Language: ख्वप लायकू) Square is another world heritage site identified by UNESCO has located in the center of Bhaktapur (Nepali: भक्तपुर) city, which is also known as Bhadgoan city or Khwopa (Nepal Bhasa: ख्वप ). Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a conglomeration of pagoda and Shikara style temple with fifty-five window place. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the more impressive architectural that highlights the ancient arts of Nepal and Newar culture. There are other important items of interest near Durbar square which adds and reflects beauty in Nepal’s architecture, arts, and the culture.

Related: More to Learn about Bhaktapur Durbar Square with Pictures.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square is Composed of various beautiful monuments that people travel to view the real beauty of Bhaktapur city. Check out different monuments and Temples you can see near Bhaktapur Durbar Square.

The Lion Gate

The lion gate in Durbar square in Bhaktapur includes two stone images of Bhairav (The dreadful aspect of Shiva) and Ugarchandi (the Consort of Shiva in her fearful manifestation. The two lion guard the gate of the palace.

The Golden Gate

The gate is constructed during the reign of King Bhupatindra Malla (1696-1722) later it was completed by his successor Jaya Ranjit Malla in 1754. It is an entrance of the main courtyard of the place of fifty- five-window. The Golden Gate is one of the most attraction and visual highlight of Durbar square set into the bright red gatehouse and has fabulous golden portal boasts some of Nepal’s finest metalwork. The door is has a figure of the goddess Kali and Garuda (Mythical man-Bird) and in the bellow, you can see four headed and 10 armed figure of the Goddess Taleju Bhawani, the family deity of the Malla Kings. The golden gate has an attractive piece of art in the whole kingdom and placed like a jewel, flashing innumerable facets around the gate. The decrease of Jaya Ranjit Malla marked the end of Malla dynasty and also ends in the golden age of Newari architecture in Nepal.

As you enter the Palace you can see hidden behind grills in the darkness on either side of the inner gate with a pair of enormous war drums that are used to rouse the city in the event of an attack. As u entered the inner gate you can observe the two statues of the traditionally dressed guard standing either side of an ornate door.

The Palace of Fifty-five Windows:

55 windows palace is one most beautiful architectural features of durbar square which is built by King Bhupatindra Malla in the year 1677. However, it is not completed therefore during the reign of Jaya Ranjit Malla. The palace is named as the palace of fifty-five windows because the palace consists of fifty-five carved wooden windows on its façade.

The Art Gallery

Bhaktapur’s Royal Palace consist the best of the three museums in Bhaktapur. Inside you have view various paintings with relation to Hindu version and Buddhist Thanka and as well as it consist of palm leaf manuscript and metal, stone, wooden votive objects related to 12 century. The gallery is open every day except Tuesday.

The Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla

The bronze statue with joint palm (Namaste), sitting at the top column in front of the Vatsala Durga Temple is the Statue of Kind Bhupatindra Malla which was created in the year 1699. The statue is showing the act of worship facing to Vatsala Durga Temple. Bhupatindra Malla was the best know Malla King of Bhaktapur and has contributed much of architecture in town.

Taumadhi Square

History of Bhaktapur District

Nyatapola Temple

Nyatapola Bhaktapur Nepal
Nyatapola Temple Bhaktapur

Nyatapola temple is the tallest multi-tiered pagoda style temple of Nepal which was amazingly constructed completely only the duration within eight months and was constructed in 1702 AD by King Bhupatindra Malla. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Siddhi Laxmi, the Tantric Laxmi who bestows auspiciousness. Nyatapola Temple is also called as Panch Tale Mandir in Nepali which means Five Storey Temple. And in Nepal Bhasa (Newari Language) it’s Nyatapola Temple which means Nyata (ङाता) means “five” and Pola (पोलँ) means “Roof”.

Bhairavnath Temple

History of Bhaktapur District
Bhairavnath Temple- Bhaktapur

Lord Bhairavnath is known as the supreme deity of Bhaktapur and exists in three-tiered rectangular Temple. Initially, it was a single-tiered temple, which was built in 1547 AD. Later King Bhupatindra Malla in 1718 AD enlarged it adding two more roofs. Inside the courtyard of the temple, there is a stone image of Umameshwor and remarkably a stone vessel having a Lichhavi inscription dated 664 AD. It has mentioned that “Laditmasheswor” which provide evidence that helps to enquire important information about present Taumadhi square as importance sacred Shaiva shrine and Lord Shiva. Shiva in his peaceful form also appeared in a terrifying dangerous form which is known as “Bhairavnath”, which is also known as Kasi-Viswanath/sha-Bhairav.

TilMadhavNarayana Temple

TilMadhavNarayana Temple
TilMadhavNarayana Temple

TilMadhavNarayana Temple is located at the south of the Taumadhi square which looks like fence like recent house behind them is TilMadhavNarayana Temple. The temple is assumed to be built during the 11th century. TilmadhavNarayan means Lord Vishnu of the two-tiered temple. Nearby the there you can also see three-tiered Umbrella shaped stone temple as well. There are 24 encircled niches in which 24 incarnate images of Lord Vishnu. The three encircled tiers of this temple symbolize the netherworld, terrestrial land, and Heaven. Therefore, this temple is also known as Bhugol Mandir (Globe- Temple) built around 15th century.

Dattatreya Square

TilMadhavNarayana Temple

The Dattatreya Square is also known as “Tachapal” which is named after the largest rest house (Chapli). It is internationally far-famed Shaiva shrine because of most honored Dattatreya temple in the square. Indian pilgrimages visit this shrine every year during Shivaratri festival. There are thirteen Shaiva maths around Bhaktapur town and interesting among all of them is square alone comprises of seven maths. The Math is famous for its beautiful wood works called as Peacock window (Pancha-Jhyal).

Dattatreya Temple Bhaktapur

Dattatreya temple is located at the east end of Tachupal Tole which is built around 1427 AD. 15th century and is the main attraction of the square. Dattatreya Temple represents three-headed god who is also viewed in this temple evidently and is said it was built with the trunk of a single tree. The temple has a mythological combination of three supreme gods.

    • Brahma- The Creator

    • Vishnu- The Preserver

    • Shiva- The Destroyer

Besides these, there are other important heritages of this square are-

Wana Layaku – build during the 14th century, initial Taleju Shrine.

Bhimsen Temple– strong protector god of merchants and traders built during the 16th century.

Salan Ganesha Temple– Temple of Ganesha built during the 12th century

Wakupati Changunarayana Temple– Build during the 17th century.

There are also other important places to visit in Bhaktapur. There are listed below.

  1. Pottery Square
  2. Chyamasimbha
  3. Garudakunda
  4. Brahmayani Shrine
  5. NavaDurga God house
  6. Yatubahar

Important heritages ponds with cultural importance in Bhaktapur.

  1. Siddha Pokhari
  2. Na-Pukhu
  3. Vijya Pukhu
  4. Kaldaha
  5. Aancha Pukhu
  6. Khancha Pukhu
Madhyapur Thimi City Historical Place

Balkumari Temple

BalKumari Temple- Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur
BalKumari Temple- Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur

Among four Kumaris one is Balkumari of Thimi. It is said that the temple of Balkumari temple is around three hundred years old and Goddess Balkumari is regarded as the guardian deity of Thimi. She is the Beloved goddess of Thimi. Various rituals specially Newari culture and traditions’ that are important events of their life (Bartabanda, Marriage, others) cannot be performed without propitiating their deity. Near the temple, you can also see the temple of Lord Bhairav and other shrines of different gods and goddess spread around the courtyard.

Mahalaxmi Temple- Madhyapur Thimi

Goddess Mahalaxmi God is Hindu goddess of wealth, prosperity and fortune. Among four Mahalaxmi of the Kathmandu Valley, one is located in Bode of Madhyapur Thimi. People of Bode consider goddess as their Ajudeu (Mother goddess). The temple is constructed around the 17th century in pagoda style with the two-storeyed temple in the center heart of Bode.

Thimi Durbar (Layaku)

Thimi Durbar (LAYAKU)​

Thimi Durbar is an ancient palace of Thimi located in the heart of Thimi built by Bal Dev.

Buddhist Vihars and Bahis (Buddhist Monasteries and Courtyards)

Buddhist Vihars and Bahis (Buddhist Monasteries and Courtyards)

Dipankar Mahavihar/Dhyo Nani Baha/Ajudhyo Baha

Dipankar Mahavihar/Dhyo Nani Baha/Ajudhyo Baha

  • Location: Kwathandau Tole

  • Deity: Dipankar, Tathagat,Akshyobhaya, Pragyaparamita, Namasangiti,

    Sadakshari Lokesvor, Vajrasattva.

    Priest: Vajracharya

    Remarks: Dipankar, the principal of the five Dipankars of Bhaktapur. The oldest Vihar which appears to have built around 10th century A.D.

    Nearby south of this Vihar is the God house of Akanta Kumari.

Prasannasil Mahavihar/Pasu Baha/Pashupati Mahavihar

  • Location: Kwathandau Tole
  • Deity: Akshobhaya, Pragyaparamita, Avalokitesvara, Kwapa Dhyo
  • Priest: Vajracharya and Shakya
  • Viswovihar/Biku Baha
  • Location: Kwathandau Tole
  • Deity: Padhmapani Lokesvor
  • Priest: Vajracharya

Viswovihar/Biku Baha

  • Location: Kwathandau Tole
  • Deity: Padhmapani Lokesvor
  • Priest: Vajracharya

Adipadhma Mahavihar/Ta Baha Location: Suryamadhi Tole

  • Location: Suryamadhi Tole
  • Deity: Padhmapani Lokesvor, Vairochan, Kwapa dhyo
  • Priest: Vajracharya, Shakya and Lama
  • Remarks: It also boasts a Akshobhaya-Gumba

Manjuvarna Mahavihar/Wom Baha Location: Bekhal Tole

  • Location: Bekhal Tole
  • Deity: Lokesvor, Mahamanjusri, Mahavairochan, Pragyaparamita.

IndravartaMahavihar/Inacho Baha

  • Location: Inacho Tole
  • Deity: Akshobhaya,
  • Pragyaparamita, Sadakshyari Lokesvor, Kwapadhyo
  • Priest: Vajracharya

Dharmauttam Mahavihar/Muni Baha

  • Location: Inacho Tole

  • Deity: Dhyani Buddha

Mangaldharmadwipa Mahavihar/Jhour Bahi

  • Location: Golmadhi Tole

  • Deity: Dipankar, Kwapadhyo

  • Priest: Shakya and Lama


Nala Gumba

What is Buddhism
Nala Gumba Nala

Nala Gumba Temple or Dhagpo Shydrub Ling Monastery is located on the top hill at Nala, Banepa, Kavre about 1300m from karunamaya Temple Northwest. You can travel through Bhaktapur Nala Road, Tukucha Nala. It emphasizes on giving education to Buddhist children. Here you can find different Buddhist art and sculpture inside the Gumba.

Related: Nala Gumba (Nala Gumba Nala)

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