The people of Bhaktapur district is consist or divided into main two groups i.e. The Indo Aryans and The Mongoloid (non-Aryans) groups. Under Indo Aryans groups there lies different castes such as Brahmins, Chhetris and some other occupational castes such as Kami (Blacksmith), Damai (Tailor), Sunar (Goldsmith), Sarki (Cobbler) and so on. Who mainly speaks Nepali national language as their mother tongue. And under the Mongoloid group, there are different castes such as Newars, Tamangs, Magars, Gurungs and so on with their respective mother tongue as their language. It is assumed that Newars and the Tamangs are the main indigenous inhabitants of the valley before the advent of the Lichchhavies times which is known as the Kirats (Shrestha, 2016).
Among the Mongoloid race, The Newars of the Kathmandu valley and environs have played a unique role in the history of Nepal. The Newars have excelled in all forms of craftsmanship and artwork. They are mainly responsible for the architecture of the Valley. Examples of their unique contributions are the magnificent wood carving of temples, shrines, palaces and private houses. Among other artworks, their bronze sculptures rank among the finest in the world. Thus, the Newars have achieved the highest level of culture among the people of Southeast Asia (Shrestha, 2016).