Overview of Nepal

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About Nepal- Introduction of Nepal

Nepal is a beautiful nation with excessive natural beauty and cultural beauty with numerous cultures, traditions, festivals, and many more adventitious activities to do. You will also find people are most friendly and have hospitality all over the world treating guests as their god and greet joining their hand saying “Namaste”– I salute a God in you. Many countries count Nepal as one of the least developed countries but have won the heart of most countries in the world with its beauty, and friendly people as heaven on earth.

Related: Formation of Name ” Nepal”
Related: History of Nepal

Geography of Nepal

Geography of Nepal
Geography of Nepal

A 49th largest country of the world and beautiful nation “Nepal” lies in the northern and eastern hemispheres of Asia. It lies between two giant nations i.e. China in the North and India in the south. Nepal’s north latitude is 26 degrees 22 minutes to 36 degrees 27 minutes and east longitude is 80 degrees 4 minutes to 88 degrees 12 minutes. Nepal is a landlocked country which means the distance between seas or oceans is very far about 1127 km (700 miles) from the bay of bangle and the Indian Ocean.

The total land of Nepal covered 147,181 sq. km. covers 0.3% in Asia and 0.003% on earth. The Shape of Nepal is Rectangular in shape with average east-west length is 885 km and the average north-south width is 193 km.

Nepal is divided into three geographical regions and they are

  • Himalayan Region of Nepal
  • Hilly Region of Nepal
  • Terai Region of Nepal

Himalayas Region of Nepal

Himalayan Region lies in the Northern part of Nepal covering 17% of the total land of Nepal. The region covers the mountain range with the attitude of 3000 meters to 8848 meters above sea levels. Total land of mountain region covered with snow and rocks with very little habitat. The world’s highest mountain i.e. Sagarmatha (Mount Everest: 8848 m) is situated in this Region including Mount Everest. Out of 14 peaks of the world, the region holds 8 peaks which are above 8000 meters including Sagarmatha. The Himalayan region also divided into three regions.

  • Greater Himalaya
  • Boarder Himalaya/ Trans Himalaya
  • Inner Himalaya/ High Mountain Valley/ Bhot

Hilly Region of Nepal

The Hilly region lies between the Himalayan region in north and Terai region in the south and over 68% of total land of Nepal. Hilly region lies in the altitude of 600 meters to 3,000 meters above sea level. The region is formed by the Mahabharata and churia mountain range, the region has various fertile lands with numerous rivers and beautiful lakes. The Capital city of Nepal – Kathmandu lies in this region. Hilly region also divided into three regions:

  • The Midland Range (Valley/Tars/Beshi)
  • Mahabharat Range
  • Churia Range

Terai Region of Nepal

Terai Region lies in the southern part of Nepal connecting the border of India in the south. Terai region covers 15 %of Land of Nepal. Terai region lies in the altitude of 70 meters to 600 meters above sea level. The land structure of the Terai region is plain and is very fertile for cultivation. Terai region also divided into three regions:

  • Southern Terai Region
  • Bhabar Pradesh Region
  • Inner Terai Region

Demography of Nepal

According to the site- worldometers.Info, the population of Nepal is around 29,624,924 as on Wednesday, July 4th, 2018, based on the latest a United Nations estimate, which is equivalent to 0.39% of the total world’s population. Nepal is ranked at the number of 48 in the list of countries and dependencies by population. The population density in Nepal is 207 per km Sq. (535 people per mi. Sq.).  The population in the urban area is 19.6 %. The median age in Nepal is 23.6 years.

Demography of Nepal ( Table Format)

Nepal is officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Area 147,181 Km Sq in present.
Type Land Locked Country in South Asia in the Himalayas
Main ReligionHinduism and Buddhist
Headquarter (Capital City)Kathmandu
CurrencyNepalese Rupees (NRS)
LanguagesNepali, Nepal Bhasa, Bhojpuri, Maithili and many. (123 Languages)
Official LanguageNepali
GNI per capita2,520 PPP dollars (2016)
Life Expectancy69.97 Years (2015)
Population Growth1.1% annual change (2016)
Fertility Rate2.17 Births Per Women

Climate of Nepal

You might want to know how the climate of Nepal is. Here is some of the important information that I would like to share about the climate of Nepal. At first, the climate of Nepal is mainly influenced by maritime and continental factors. The Nepal located has the tropical monsoon climate means the climate is influenced by the monsoon winds that blow from the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean to South Asia during summer and just opposite during winter. And the main reason to influence the climate of different places in Nepal plays an important role by the different attitudes. Nepal is divided into three main geographical regions and different you can experience a different climate in different regions of Nepal. Nepal mainly has five different seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn, and winter.

During summer, in the northern part of Nepal, You can experience a cool and dry climate. And in the southern part of Nepal, you can experience a tropical climate. During winter, you can experience extreme cold in the northern part of Nepal, and mild in the southern part.

In the northern part of Nepal- the Himalayan region has an Alpine Climate. In the medial part of Nepal, you can experience different seasons. You can experience mild and pleasant weather.

In the southern part of the Nepal- Terai region, during summer the temperature is beyond 40 °C experiencing extreme hot. And during winter, the temperate ranges from 7°C to 23 °C.

Nepal experiences widespread rainfall during the monsoon period from June to August.

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