Lalitpur (Nepali: ललितपुर जिल्ला ), which is also known as Patan is one of the tourist destination cities of Nepal and also is a part of Kathmandu Valley. If you talk about the land coverage, Lalitpur covers an area of 385 sq Km (149 Sq Miles). According to Nepal Census 2011, the population of Lalitpur District was 226,728.
Different Name for Lalitpur District
|Yala ( By Nepal Bhasa)||यल|
Map of Lalitpur District
Lalitpur District is surrounded by four major districts of Nepal – Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Kavre, and Makwanpur
History of Lalitpur District
According to various Historians, it is believed that the Lalitpur district is founded in the third century by Kirat Dynasty and is expanded during the sixth century by Lichchhivis. And later it was further expanded during the Medival Period by Malla Rulers.
How a city is Named “Lalitpur”
Lalitpur is named after King Lalitpur who was a farmer and bought Rato Machhindranath to the Kathmandu Valley from Assam, India. Historians explained, the motive to bring Rato Machhindranath to Nepal to overcome the worst drought. Rato Machhindranath is one of the powerful God worshipped by Hinduism and Buddhists in Nepal especially Newar Community in Kathmandu valley as they strongly believe that he can bring rain in the valley.
Newars are the indigenous people habitat in Kathmandu valley including Lalitpur district. During the Kirat period, the city was called as Yala named by Kirat King- Yalamber or Yellung Hang.
Language in Lalitpur
The native language spoken in Lalitpur is Nepal Bhasa (Newar language) which is spoken by indigenous people in Kathmandu valley. Due to urbanization and high facility, various people of different parts of Nepal migrate to Kathmandu valley. Therefore the other language used in Lalitpur is Nepali, Tamang, Maithali, and so on.
Municipalities of Lalitpur District
Including three Rural Municipalities, there are six Municipalities in Lalitpur District and they are-
- Lalitpur Metropolitan City
- Mahalaxmi Municipality
- Godawari Municipality
- Konjyoson Rural Municipality
- Bagmati Rural Municipality
- Mahankal Rural Municipality
What is Lalitpur Famous for
Like Bhaktapur and Kathmandu, Lalitpur is also one best cities with rich cultures and traditions. Various Ancient temples, Sculptures, architecture, palace, and other attracting places can be found in Lalitpur District Therefore, Lalitpur is one famous tourist spot in Nepal.
Places to Visit In Lalitpur District
- Patan Durbar Square- UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nepal
- Krishna Mandir(Chayasim Deval)- Temple of Lord Krishna (Near Patan Durbar Square)
- Patan Museum
- Khumbeshwar Temple
- Bhimsen Temple
- Mahaboudha Temple
- Taleju Temple
- Ashoka Stupas
- Hiranuya Varna Mahavihar (Golden Temple)
Besides these popular temples in Lalitpur District, There are also around 165 Vihars situated only in Lalitpur district which is more than 50% in Nepal.
Major Festivals in Lalitpur District (Patan)
- Dashin (Mohani)
- Tihar (Sunti)
- Shiva Ratri
- Buddha Jayanti
- Yanya Punhi
- Yomari Punhi
- Shree Panchami
- Pahan Chare
- Kwati Punhi
Major Occupation in Lalitpur District
- Travel and Tourism