Teej is popularly known as Hartalika Teej is a great festival observed by Hindu followers mainly in Nepal and some part of India. Hartalika Teej in Nepal is observed mainly by women dedicated to Goddess Parvati for the reunion with Lord Shiva (God of Destroyer).
The festival usually falls in the month of Bhadra (English Calendar: August- September) according to Solar Calendar. People during the festival visit to Pashupatinath Temple and worship Lord Shiva and Parvati and celebrate the reunion of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva by people of Kathmandu valley Nepal.
During the Festival Teej, women wear beautiful red saris or green dresses and jewellery and dance and sing various devotional songs and Teej special songs. They do fasting to honour Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. During the festival, women pray for their happy married life and also pray for his long life and prosperity. The day is equally important for unmarried women. Today, they worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati to have a good loving and caring husband in her life.
Why Women celebrate Hartalika Teej in Nepal?
According to religious texts, the festival was started after the reunion of Lord Shiva and Parvati. A long time ago, King of Himalaya had a beautiful and intelligent daughter named Parvati. She was very impressed by Lord Shiva. But the king wanted her to marry wealthy Vishnu. Parvati decided to escape from her place with the help of her friends and hid on the thick forest and start as an ascetic life.
Lord Shiva was surprised what Parvati did for him and decided to taste her sincerity. Therefore, he transformed as the rich Vishnu and rode a gorgeous carriage to see Parvati tempt her to marry him. But she was still determined and loyal toward Lord Shiva. In the end, Lord Shiva revealed his identity and was impressed by Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva married to Goddess Parvati and there was the beginning of Hartalika Teej in Nepal (Jigme.C, 2019).
Celebrate Hartalika Teej in Nepal
Women in Nepal celebrate Hartalika Teej for 3 days. These three days women are busy with the celebration of the festival and prepare all the necessary stuff to celebrate the festival as women’s main festivals.
Day 1 Dar Khane Din
In the first day, women enjoy the fancy dinner which is known as dar. In the early morning, women travel for shopping for various foods and vegetables, sweets, and prepare a heavy fancy dinner. At night women gather with their friends and family and share foods and drinks. They also perform traditional dance and sings devotees songs till midnight.
Day Two- Hartalika Teej
On the second day, women start their fasting. This day is declared as the public holiday in Nepal. Early morning, they have a warm bath and wear their dresses (Red Saris, Green dress and Jewelry). The festival is observed by worshipping to the nearest Lord Shiva- Parvati Temple. They travel in groups to the temple dancing and singing.
During the day, women worship Lord Shiva-Parvati wishing for their husband’s health and prosperity. And unmarried women worship Lord Shiva- Parvati for a good and Loyal husband in future.
People in Kathmandu valley, during the day, go to worship Lord Shiva and Parvati at Pashupatinath Temple (The popular temple of Lord Shiva and Parvati) and worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati offering fruits and flowers and pray for their husband long life.
Day 3- Rishi Panchami
The third day or Last day is also known as Rishi Panchami. During the day, Nepal women take a bath in the holy river or Pond or even in their home as to purify all of their sins. All the activities are performed in the morning. After that, they go to worship Lord Ganesha (Son of Lord Shiva and Parvati) believing their previous day (Hartalika Teej Day) wishes can be fulfiled. After worship, they enjoy the meal at the end of the day.
Jigme, C. (2019). Teej Festival. From Tibet Vista. Retrieved from: https://www.tibettravel.org/nepal-festival/teej-festival.html
Hiritalika Teej, (2020), Hiritalika Teej. from: Welcomenepal.com Retrieved From: https://www.welcomenepal.com/whats-on/haritalika-teej.html
Teej Festival in Nepal (n d). Teej Festival in Nepal. from exploreinnepal. Retrieved from: https://www.exploreinnepal.com/blog/teej-festival-nepal/