Like Hinduism, in Buddhism also there are hundreds and thousands of god and goddesses followed worldwide. Buddhism is the world’s third-largest religion and it is important to know more about Buddhism and what are different gods and goddesses they worship and what they contribute towards the world. Some of the important Buddhism god and goddess are-
Siddhartha Gautam (Gautam Buddha)
Siddhartha Gautam known as Light of Asia was born around 543 BC in the garden of Sal Trees in Lumbini, Rupandehi district of Nepal. He is the son of King Suddhodhan Gautam and Queen Maya Devi of Sakya clan in Lumbini. The teaching of Lord Buddha is Buddhism which mostly teaches us about the pain and part of all life and nature. Lord Buddha’s entire life was spent teaching and learning and walked all over southern Nepal and parts of India. He taught about four Noble Truth and the Noble Eightfold Path. Lord Buddha preached his followers about the importance of balance between the physical, mental and spiritual condition of human life. Lord Buddha is one of the greatest feelings of pride of Nepal and all over the world.
According to Buddhism, Bodhisattva Maitreya is known as a Bodhisattva who will appear on earth in the future in order to achieve complete enlightenment provide his followers pure dharma. In Sanskrit “Maitreya” means “Maitri” which means unattached or unconditional loving-kindness. In the future, According to Buddhism dharma, in the future, there will be the decrease in lifespan and also their life will be filled with sufferings because of the f growth of delusion. Then Maitreya will manifest in the form of a great spiritual leader and demonstrate the path of virtue. He will spread his teaching on loving kindness and therefore, humans in this world will begin to improve.
Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara which is also known as Chenrezig, Guanyin, Kannon, Kanzeon is lord of infinite compassion and mercy. Avalokiteshvara is known to be a beloved throughout the Buddhist tradition as she embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. According to Tibetan Buddhism, Tara came into existence from a single tear shed by Avalokiteshvara. When Avalokiteshvara tear fell to the ground it formed a lake, and a lotus opening in the lake revealed Tara.
Bodhisattva Manjushree born at Wu Tai Mountain located at the North-eastern part of Shanxi Province of China. He is one of the important Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism which is best known for the wisdom of awakening. According to Tibetan Buddhism, his name means “Yidam” which means “Gentle Glory” according to Sanskrit. According to Nepalese belief, Kathmandu Valley was once a lake. He saw a lotus flower in the center of the lake and since Manjushree knows all the branches of sciences he decided to and cut a Gorge at Chovar with his sword of wisdom and allowed the water flow through Bagmati which later a dazzling light (Lotus flower) self-born as Swayambhu.
Mahakala is a category of a Tantric Buddhist deity. Mahakala appears as a protector deity known as Dharmapala in Vajrayana Buddhism. He is always depicted as an extremely fierce and terrifying deity. His main purpose is to help in overcoming negative obstacles on the path of enlightenment. He appears like a demon and is necessary to destroy who aims to create obstacles but function as a guardian angel.
Tara or Arya Tara in Sanskrit which literally means Star is female Bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism and appears as a female Buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. He is denoted as the “Mother of Liberation” and represents as the virtues of success in work and achievement especially followed in Nepal, Tibet, and Mongolia. Tara came into existence from a single tear shed by Avalokiteshvara. When Avalokiteshvara tear fell to the ground it formed a lake and a lotus opening in the lake revealed Tara. White Tara was born from the tear of Avalokiteshvara’s left eye and Green Tara from her right eye, therefore, Tara is known as the consort of Avalokiteshvara.
According to tradition, Padmasambhava was incarnated as an eight-year-old child appearing in a lotus blossom floating in Lake Dhanakosha in the kingdom Oddiyana (In present swat Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). He is worshiped or respected as the second Buddha in various nations such as Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan and Himalaya’s states of India. He is renowned for his tantric master and visits and teaches in Tibet during the 8th Century. In Tibetan Buddhism, he is known for the character of a genre of literature called terma an emanation of Amitabha that is used to appear to persons in visionary encounters and focus on guru yoga practices.
Dharmapala Palden Lhamo
Palden Lhamo which means as Glorious Goddess in Sanskrit means “Sridevi” is known as a protector of Dharmapala of Gelung School of Tibet Buddhism. She is described as a wrathful deity and considered as the principal protector of Tibet and known as the only female of the eight Guardians of the Dharma. Palden Lhamo refers to Gelugpa version of her as a wrathful emanation of Lord Swaraswati (Hindu Goddess) and also known as Magzor Gyalmo and Remati. Palden Lhamo is described as the consort of Mahakala.
Tsongkhapa in another name we can say Zongkapa Lobsang Zhaba, the son of Tibetian Longben Tribal Leader who was also served as an official of Yuan Dynasty of China knows from the famous teacher of Tibetan Buddhism and led in the formation of Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. He composed a devotional prayer “Migtesama Prayer” to his Sakya master and he is known as the source of inspiration. He practiced and taught Vajrayana how to bring sutra and tantra teaching. Tsongkhapa died in 1419 at the age of sixty-two.
Bajrapani is known as one of the main protective deities among three, two of them are Manjushree (Manjushri)- who symbolizes the “Buddhas wisdom” and Avalokiteshvara- who symbolizes as the “Buddhas immense Compassion”. Bajrapani is known as the earliest-appearing Bodhisattvas and was protector and guide of Gautam Buddha. Bajrapani is the composition of two different words in Sanskrit. “Bajra” means “thunderbolt” and “pani” means “in the hand”. He holds Bajra in his right hand, his appearance is quite wrathful. In Nepal, Bajrapani is portrayed in white color holding lotus with its stem in his right hand and his left hand is shown in the poster of “Charity and argument”