Nepal is known as the center of Buddhism and Hinduism religion around the world. According to the 2011 Census, Nepal holds around 81.3 % population following Hinduism, 9% population follow Buddhism Religion and 9.7 other religions such as Islam. Kirati, Christianity, Jains, and others. Traveling to Nepal, You will be impressed with the natural beauties, cultural beauties, Adventerious activities, foods, and Hospitality. Nepal is a wonderful land every people must travel once in their lifetime. Today, we will be talking about one of the popular Stupa (Chaitya) of the world which was shows the importance of Buddhism all around the world – Boudhanath Stupa. Boudhanath Stupa is also known as Khasti Chaitya. Learn about Boudhanath Stupa here.
Boudhanath Stupa Introduction
Boudhanath Chaitya (Stupa) is a popular Buddhism site located in Kathmandu, Nepal about 11 Km away from the Central Kathmandu. Originally, Boudhanath is known as “Khasti Chaitya” which is derived from a Newari word which means “A Great Stupa created from the collection of Droplets the Dew because of the scarcity of water.” Later Government of Nepal renamed Khasti Chaitya to Boudhanath to reflect Hinduism as Nepal and Hindu nation. In 1979, Boudhanath is listed as the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Site of Nepal along with Shwayambhunath Temple (Maha Chaitya) and become popular tourism and religious destination of Nepal.
Formation of Boudhanath Stupa
Boudhanath Stupa (Khasti Chaitya) is one of the largest Stupa in the world. Boudhanath Stupa was formed during the Lichchhivi period of Nepal. It has an interesting story behind the creation of Boudhanath Stupa and is linked with Narayanhiti Durbar (Royal Palace), Barjayogini Temple, and Lichchhivi King – Vikramaditya; including the struggle of creation of Great Stupa during the scarcity of Water.
History of Boudhanath Stupa
Newar Buddhism is one of the very oldest Buddhism practiced in Nepal. Bouddhanath Chaitya (Stupa) has its own story about its existence. According to History of Boudhanath Stupa according to Newar Buddhism in Nepal, there lived a Lichchhivi King Vikramaditya whose palace once located to Narayanhiti Palace stood now. Vikramaditya was ruling the valley and wanted to construct a pool near his palace with three stone Spring. Sadly, the water did not gush out of the fountain. Since there was high superstition belief, to solve the problem he consulted his Astrologers and advised him that a person with possessing 32 virtues needs to sacrifice at the spot.
The King and His son were suitable as the three posses 32 virtues. The King decided to sacrifice himself due to his age. Therefore the king ordered his sons to go to the spring a sawn and severe the head of a shrouded person who would be sleeping there. He fulfilled the order of his dad and did the same as his dad ordered and later found out it was his father. According to the historian, it is believed that king Vikramaditya’s head flew to the Vajrayogini temple where you can still view the statue of the head of Vikramaditya at Vajrayogini Temple.
The prince was driven by his grief and left the palace and start living the life of an ascetic. Later the priest advised the prince to fly a hen at Vajrayogini temple and where ever it lands, the great (Chaitya Stupa) should be constructed. As per the ordered he was pleased to serve and did where Boudhanath Stupa (Khaasti Chaitya) is erected at present and began to construct the shrine but there was no water to mix clay and Sand.
The large sheets were spread on the ground and are saturated with dew each night. When wrung out the sheets provided the necessary water. It carried out for 12 years with a million dewdrops to make work complete.
Meaning of Khaasti Chaitya
Khaasti Chaitya is the original name for Boudhanath Stupa which still present Newar called it. According to Newari (Nepal Bhasa), “Khas” means “Dew” and “Ti” means “Drop” which combined called Khasti, showing the meaning of how the Chaitya is built.
Major Attractions of Boudhanath Stupa
Check out what are the major attractions of Boudhanath Stuapa and why we should travel Boudhanath Stupa in your life.
- Boudhanath Chitya (Stupa)
- Taragaon Museum
- Shechen Monastery
- Khawalung Monastery
- Kapan Monastery
- Thrangu Monastery
- Pullahari Monastery
- Ka-Nying Shedrub Ling Monastery
- Boudha Areas Shops
Major Activities in Boudhanath Stupa
Boudhanath is a popular place for Buddhism. Travelling Boudhanath Stupa there are various interesting activities you can perform. The various activities you can do in Boudhanath are Medication Training, Sightseeing, Photography and Videography, Tibetan massage, Acupuncture, other therapy, and Ayurvedic treatment.
Best Time to Visit at Boudhanath Stupa
If you are looking for best time to visit at Boudhanath Chitya (Stupa) then you are at the right place. Boudhanath is a holy religious site for Buddhist therefore, the best time to travel would be during Buddha Jayanti (Birth Date of Lord Gautam Buddha). Buddha Jayanti is celebrated in the month of Baisakh Purnima (May Month) according to Lunar Calendar
Boudhanath Stupa Entrance Fee
If you are a foreigneer and wish to travel and experice the religious beauty around Boudhanath Stupa, the entrance free would be arround NRS 400/- which is USD 3.34 appox. (Updated:2020)
Boudhanath, (n d). Boudhanath. from Wikipedia. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boudhanath
Boudhanath Stupa, (n d). Boudhanath. from Lonely planet. Retrieved from: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/nepal/attractions/boudhanath-stupa/a/poi-sig/1172098/357105